This day commemorates the formation in 1866 of the first regular Army regiments comprising African-American soldiers.
“Buffalo Soldiers” (one of many African-American regiments raised during the Civil War) were established by Congress as the first peacetime all-black regiments in the regular U.S. Army.
Mark Matthews, who is now buried at Arlington National Cemetery, was the oldest living Buffalo Soldier at 111 years old when he died on September 6, 2005.
The segregated regiments were disbanded during the 1940s and 1950s as the U.S. armed forces embraced integration.
On the first Buffalo Soldiers Day in 1992, a monument to the Buffalo Soldier was dedicated at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas by General Colin Powell.
Buffalo Soldiers Day